Awwwards
London Skyline
London Skyline
London Skyline
London Skyline
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

London

SKYLINE

We’re all familiar with London’s famous landmarks, but we’ll bet you didn’t know these facts off the top of your head!

St Paul’s Cathedral is the same area as how many football pitches? The bell in Big Ben weighs the same as how many pigeons? How many years would you have to work to afford the London Eye?

If you can answer those questions, congratulations, you are perhaps the world’s best Londoner! But for everyone else, it’s time you got to know more about the London Skyline!

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Houses of
Parliament

Westminster

The Houses of Parliament was built, unsurprisingly, to house Parliament. As the seat of the British government, the building itself is grand, impressive and expensive!

It was rebuilt as what we see now in 1870, but took 30 years and £2 million to finish. It attracts an impressive 1 million visitors every year, employs 1,550 people and is owned by the government and, more importantly, the British taxpayers!

 
 
 
 
 
Height
98.5M
 
Cost
£2m
 
Value
£1bn
 
 

Big Ben

Westminster

Big Ben was constructed in 1858 as somewhere for Parliament to meet. The 15 year project cost £2,500 and was paid for by, you guessed it, the taxpayers. There’s 334 steps to the belfry and the bell itself weighs 13 tonnes.

The structure only employs 4 people; 3 engineers and the excellently named “keeper of the clock”.

Bell
Weight
13T
 
Height
96M
 
 

Buckingham
Palace

St James

Buckingham Palace was originally constructed as a private home. The initial cost was £7,000 back in the 1820’s. It was later transformed over the course of 14 years to house the Royal Family.

The palace has 775 rooms and employs a huge staff of 800. 50,000 people visit the palace every year as guests of the Queen. That’s a lot of parties...

 
 
Height
24M
 
Value
£1BN
 
Area
824K
SQ FT
 

London Eye

Westminster Bridge

The impressive London Eye was constructed to celebrate the new millennium in 2000.

It is currently owned by Merlin Entertainment, employs 207 people, and averages a whopping 3.75 million visitors per year! You can cram 25 people in to each capsule, so between all 32 of them, that’s 800 people going round at once!

 
Height
135M
 
Cost
£70M
 
Value
£74M
 
 
 

Shard

St Thomas Street

The Shard, situated near London Bridge, was built to provide office, retail and living space. Construction was funded by the Qatar National Bank and was completed in 2012.

The number of workers in the building is expected to rise to approximately 12,000 in the future. From the top of the vertigo inducing 72 storeys, the Shard provides views of 40 miles in every direction.

 
Height
306M
 
Cost
£1.2BN
 
Value
£2.5BN
 

Tower
Bridge

Tower Hill

The impressive Tower Bridge was built in 1894 to provide another river crossing to the people situated to the east of London Bridge. It took 8 years to build and is currently maintained by the Bridge House Estates.

On average 40,000 people cross the bridge every day! That’s certainly a towering achievement.

Height
65M
 
Cost
£1.2M
 
 
 
 
 

Walkie
Talkie

Fenchurch Street

The Walkie Talkie is a recent addition to the London skyline. Finished in 2014, it was built to provide office and retail space. Construction time was just 3 years and cost £200 million.

In its spare time, the building likes to melt parked cars by reflecting the Sun’s rays and focusing them into a laser beam reaching 230 degrees Fahrenheit. Toasty!

 
Height
160M
 
Floor
690K SQ FT
 
Cost
£200M
 

Cheese
Grater

Leadenhall Street

122 Leadenhall Street, or the Cheese Grater to its friends, is a skyscraper built to provide more office space for the area. It was completed in 2014 in 3 years with a budget of £286 million.

The structure is owned by British Land and Oxford Properties and currently houses approximately 5,180 employees.

On a final note, cheese is openly welcomed within its walls.

Height
224M
 
Floor
610K SQ FT
 
Cost
£286M
 
 
 

Gherkin

St Mary Axe Street

The Gherkin was constructed to replace the Baltic Exchange, which previously stood on the same site.

It was completed in 2004 and took 3 years build. It is currently owned by IVG Immobilien who purchased the building in 2006 for a staggering £600 million! Even though it is a huge 40 stories tall, the Gherkin only uses about 50% of the energy of a typical office block. Is it a coincidence that gherkins are also green?

Height
180M
 
Floor
818K SQ FT
 
Cost
£238M
 

The Pinnacle

Bishopsgate

As of right now, the Pinnacle is not yet complete.

It is owned by the National Bank of Kuwait and is expected to be completed in 2017, even though it has already taken 6 years to reach its current state. HSH Nordbank have provided a £140 million loan that has been extended 3 times! Suddenly your student debt doesn’t look so bad, does it?

Height
288M
 
Floor
1.6M
SQ FT
 

St Paul's

Ludgate

St Paul’s cathedral was built to replace the wooden cathedral that was destroyed during the great fire of London.

It took 35 years to build and was completed in 1710.

It can seat 2,500 people and received 1.79 million visitors in 2012! It is owned by the Corporation of the Cathedral Church of St Pauls in London.

Height
111.3M
 
Value
£50M
 
Floor
60K SQ FT
 
Cost
£70K
 

Canary
Wharf

One Canada Square

The famous office block Canary Wharf was constructed in 1991. It took 2 years to build and is owned by British Land.

Approximately 9,000 people now work in the building which upon completion saw the upper floors remain empty due to bankruptcy by the Canadian firm Olympia and York who commissioned the tower to be built.

The whole structure is designed to sway 13.75 inches in case there’s a particularly strong gust of wind!

Height
235M
 
Value
£624M
 

The O2

Greenwich peninsula

The now infamous dome was built in 2000 to commemorate the new millennium. It originally housed the “Millennium Experience” exhibition and cost £789 million to complete!

Currently the main draw is the arena which seats 23,000 people but only employs approximately 100 full time staff; many others are bought in to help with events.

Although it is now successful, attracting 8 million visitors a year, the original dome’s operators ran out of money just 4 weeks after it opened!

Height
52M
 
Value
£100M
 
Cost
£789M
 
 

Olympic
Park

Stratford

The Olympic Park is a sporting complex built in 2012 to coincide with the London Olympics. The total cost for the Olympics was £8.77 billion, which was paid for by the British taxpayers.

Despite its enormous cost, the Olympic Park receives 780,000 visitors per year and will provide 8,000 permanent jobs by 2030.

Height
62.7M
 
Cost
£8.77BN
 

London

City of London

The city of London as we know it was founded sometime between 190 and 225 AD by the Romans, who built a wall around the then small settlement. Today it’s an amazing city that employs approximately 336,000 people and receives 3.3 million visitors and tourists every year!

Much of the city is owned by overseas investment companies, however a lot is still owned and operated by locals. Amazingly it is only the 15th most expensive city in the world!

AVG. Property Value
£262K
 
Monthly Rain
10 days
 
Population Density
5,177mi 2
 
ESTIMATED
TOTAL WORKERS
336K
 
LONDON GDP
£286.6 BN
 
Daily Tea
2.5
 
Commuting
42 days
 
Takeaway Coffees
2M
 
Visitors
16.8M
 
Overseas Ownership
52%
 
 
 
 
 
 
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